Chillies!

Chillies are a personal favourite of mine. With the differences in cultivars among the five domesticated species of Capsicum, there's shapes, colours, flavours and heat-levels to suit anyone! Great in food, good for you, and easy to grow, chillies make a rewarding herb/spice to keep in your garden.

Chillies and Peppers - Capsicum Selection

Photograph Species Description Scoville Heat Scale   Fruit Shape & Size Fruit Colour
Cayenne
Cayenne
Cayenne
Capsicum annuum Prized not only for its great taste and pungency, but also for its health benefits, Cayenne is also often used dried as a powder. 30 000 - 50 000 SHU hot
HOT
Long and thin. 12cm Cayenne is a chilli cultivar that is as much prized for its health benefits, as it is for its use in various cuisine. Matures from green to bright red.
Jalapeno
Jalapeno
Jalapeno
Capsicum annuum With a mild to medium pungency, and good sized fruit, Jalapeño chillies are a firm favourite with many. They can be eaten fresh, pickled, smoked (known as chipotles), or stuffed (poppers). 2 500 - 8 000 SHU medium
MILD
Pods are broad and cone shaped. 8cm Matures from green to bright red. Usually used when green.
Thai / Birds Eye
Thai
Thai
Capsicum annuum Thai chillies are also known as Bird’s Eye chillies and are very hot and pungent. Fruit can be used at any ripeness. 50 000 - 100 000 SHU hot
HOT
Small thin pods with pointed tips. 4cm The small fruit ripen from green (through yellow and orange) to bright red.
Loco
Loco
Loco
Capsicum annuum Loco is a compact multi-branching bush type chilli with many pungent short and small upright bright purple fruits that ripen to red. Attractive patio plant. Flowers are also purple or purple tinged rather than white. 10 000 - 24 000 SHU mildhot MILD > HOT Small and round. 2cm Matures from almost black through purple to red.
ChenzoChenzo Capsicum frutescens Attractive black fruit, and a compact growth habit makes this chilli a good patio or balcony specimen. Fruit are of medium to hot pungency and tasty. 45 000 SHU hot HOT Tapered pods measure about 7cm Brilliant black maturing to purple, then green and finally red.
Yellow Banana Pepper
Yellow Banana
Yellow Banana
Capsicum annuum These very mild sweet peppers are also known as wax peppers, and are typically eaten when bright yellow. Not to be confused with Hungarian wax peppers (hotter) or Pepperoncini. 0 - 500 SHU medium SWEET > MILD 15cm fruit resemble a banana Light to bright yellow
Aji (yellow)Aji Capsicum baccatum Ripening from green to a bright yellow colour, with a fruity taste and hot pungency, the yellow aji pepper is perfect for hot sauces. 30 000 - 50 000 SHU hot HOT 2.5-7cm Thin and tapered pods Yellow
Padrón
Padron
Padron
Capsicum annuum Customarily fried in oil and served as tapas, the Padrón pepper is generally quite mild, but has a peculiarity that one in a few may be super hot! 2 500 - 5 000 SHU mild MILD 5cm Elongated conic shape. Bright green or yellow-green.
Bishop's Crown
Bishop's Crown
Bishop's Crown
Capsicum baccatum The Bishop’s Crown or Christmas Bell Pepper is a hot pepper with unusual shaped fruit resembling a joker’s hat. Ripening from green to bright red, they are easy to grow and prolific. 10 000 - 30 000 SHU mildhot MILD > HOT Bell/crown-shaped. 6cm Green to bright red.
Cherry Bomb
Cherry Bomb
Cherry Bomb
Capsicum annuum On a par with a very mild Jalapeño in terms of heat, these sweet-with-a-bite hybrid peppers are perfect for stuffing, pickling, or roasting. Small and round like little red cherries. 5 000 medium MILD Small and round. Bright red.
7-Pot7 Pot Red Capsicum chinense Related to the Trinidad Scorpion Pepper (2nd hottest on record), the 7-pot peppers are extremely hot. The name implies one chilli has enough spice to make 7 pots of hot chilli stew. Fruity. 950 000 - 1 000 000 SHU exceptionally-hot EXCEPTIONALLY HOT Round, plump and wrinkled (dimply), sometimes with a "sting-like" pointed end. Bright red.
Fatalii
Fatalii
Fatalii
Capsicum chinense Fatalii has a fruity citrus
flavour and a searing heat. Delicious in hot sauces, especially if paired with fruit. Mostly used in sauces, salsa, marinades and other processed liquids.
300 000 + SHU very-hot VERY HOT Conical with deep dimples and "wrinkles" almost like an elongated habanero Yellow
Tabasco
Tabasco
Tabasco
Capsicum frutescens Bushy plants with upright growing fruit maturing from green through orange to bright red. Native to the Tabasco province in Mexico, these juicy chillies are for hot sauces and vinegars. 30 000 - 50 000 SHU hot HOT 4cm long tapering pods Ripening from green through yellow and orange to red.
Basket of Fire
Basket Of Fire
Basket Of Fire
Capsicum frutescens This compact & bushy chilli is family of Tabasco peppers and has masses of upward-facing fruit ripening from green through pale yellow, orange to bright red— like little flames. 50 000 - 80 000 SHU hot HOT 4cm long tapering pods Ripening from green through yellow and orange to red.
Jingle Bells
Jingle Bells
Jingle Bells
Capsicum annuum Jingle Bells are sweet mini bell-peppers with fruit resembling Christmas light bulbs. Delicious fresh in salads, stuffed with feta cheese, or pickled. 0 SHU sweet SWEET Small round, bell pepper shaped Green, red, orange and yellow.
Peter Pecker aka Chilli Willy
Peter Pecker Pepper
Peter Pecker Pepper
Capsicum annuum This heirloom is grown for its very unique shape! Quite piquant, it is mostly pickled. Definitely one that will be talked about if you grow it! 5 000 - 30 000 SHU mildhot MILD > HOT 8-10cm phallic shaped Green and red
Bull's (Cow's) Horn
aka Corno di Torro
Corno di Torro
Corno di Torro
Capsicum annuum Producing large, oblong and tapered fruit, like a cow or bull’s horn, the Corno di Torro Pepper is sweet and delicious. Eat fresh or charred under the grill. May be mildly spicy. 0 - 500 SHU medium SWEET > MILD Large, oblong and tapered, 20cm Red
Habanero - Flyer
Habanero
Habanero
Capsicum chinense This habanero is fragrant and very hot. Resembling somewhat a flying saucer, they are great to use in hot sauces. 300 000 + SHU very-hot VERY HOT Rounded with square tip rings. Red
Habanero - Lemon
Habanero Lemon
Habanero Lemon
Capsicum chinense Fruity and sweet with a very hot pungency, this is a beautiful chilli which does well in pots and can be grown for use and as an ornamental. 300 000 + SHU very-hot VERY HOT Lantern shaped 5cm Yellow
Habanero - Gambia Orange
Habanero Gambia
Habanero Gambia
Capsicum chinense Habanero Gambia is a very pungent variety, which forms enormous fruits with an excellent fruity aroma. The fruits ripen from yellow and are usually strongly ribbed and wrinkled. 300 000 + SHU very-hot VERY HOT Oblong and Lantern shaped. Deep yellow to bright orange.
Rocoto
Rocoto
Rocoto
Capsicum pubescens These large round apple-shaped chillies (some varieties are more oblong) are also known as
Manzano peppers, and are charecterized by their black seeds and hairy leaves. Very hot.
30 000 - 100 000 SHU hotveryhot HOT > VERY HOT Large round and apple shaped (sometimes more oblong) Red
Trinidad Moruga Scorpian
Trinidad Moruga Scorpian
Trinidad Moruga Scorpian
Capsicum chinense The previous record holder of the World's Hottest Chilli, the Trinidad Moruga Scorpian is said to have a sweet and fruity taste (if you can get past the searing heat....) 1 200 000 + SHU exceptionally-hot
EXCEPTIONALLY HOT
Rounded lantern shaped and wrinkled. Red
Salad Bell Pepper Mix
Saladmix
Saladmix
Capsicum annuum Variety of shapes and sizes of sweet bell peppers, great for use fresh in salads or lunchboxes. 0 SHU sweetSWEET Various Green, red, orange, yellow, purple.
Bell Pepper -
Tequila
Tequila
Tequila
Capsicum annuum Large purple bell peppers ripen to red if left on the plant. Gorgeous coloured fruit makes this a sought after hybrid. 0 SHU sweetSWEET Bell pepper Purple to red.

A list of the capsicums - hot chilli and sweet peppers - we will be growing at MeadowSweet this season (2016).

 



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Please note that due to stock-take and a phenomenal start to the season, the MeadowSweet online shop will not fulfill orders for a few weeks (10 Nov - 20 Nov) . You can still catch me at the Orewa Farmers Market, or you are most welcome to send inquiries on plant availability. Thank you ! Minette - MeadowSweet Herbs Dismiss