Edible Flowers #9: Citrus blossoms

Native to Southeast Asia, originating perhaps in Southern China or Northeastern India, and in cultivation for over 4000 years, the citrus genus bears some of the world’s favourite fruit. Although it is commonly agreed that there are around 16 species of these evergreen flowering trees and shrubs, the taxonomy of citrus can be quite confusing and inconsistent. The whole genus is interfertile, giving rise to numerous hybrids, bud unions and cultivars.

Even though the fruit is very popular fresh or used in cooking, it is not only the fruit or leaves of citrus that can be eaten – the flowers of lemons (Citrus limon), oranges (Citrus sinensis) and limes (C. latifolia and C. aurantifolia) are edible too! Not so often mentioned, but also listed as edible are other citrus blossoms such as grapefruit and kumquat.

Oranges

OrangeBloss wb.jpg

OrangeBloss wb” by Ellen Levy Finch (Elf)

The name orange most probably comes from the Sanskrit word for “orange tree” nāraṅga, through the Arabic derivitive nāranj, and interestingly, it is the colour that is named after the fruit. (Also the colour pink is named after the flower pinks/dianthus/gillyflower)

Sweet scented orange blossoms are associated with good fortune, and are highly fragrant

 

 

Lemon

P1030323.JPG

“P1030323” by Elena Chochkova

Most probably a hybrid between bitter/sour orange and citron, lemons were mainly planted as ornamental plants, or as a medicine. Today the lemon is also prized for its many uses in the kitchen.

Lemon blossoms symbolizes discretion.

 

 

Lime

Lime Blossom

By Prosthetic Head

Not to be confused with Linden (Tilia cordata) flowers (also known as lime blossoms, also edible).

Limes are generally green even when ripe, have smaller fruit and is less acidic than lemons. The British navy were nicknamed Limeys because they en oftused limes to combat scurvy on long sea journeys.streaming movie Colossal

Lime blossom symbolises fornication.

 

 

Subtropical tree or shrub, up to 8m height
Sunny and warm
Well drained, moderately rich
Protect from frost
Propagated by grafting

Use as an Edible Flower

Quite sweet and pungent, with a definite citrus aroma, the flowers are added to sweet and savory dishes alike. Used fresh, or can be dried or frozen. Also preserved in sugar, oil or syrup. Infuse honey with blossoms. Add to butters and soft cheeses for a sweet citrus flavour. Orange blossom water is a favourite ingredient in French and Middle Eastern cuisines. Orange blossom or lemon blossom tea is also a lovely warm or cold drink.

Recipe Ideas

 



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Please note that due to stock-take and a phenomenal start to the season, the MeadowSweet online shop will not fulfill orders for a few weeks (10 Nov - 20 Nov) . You can still catch me at the Orewa Farmers Market, or you are most welcome to send inquiries on plant availability. Thank you ! Minette - MeadowSweet Herbs Dismiss