Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis)


A hardy flowering BIENNIAL growing to 1.2m. Basal rosettes spiral up to flowering stems with butter-yellow flowers that are noted for attracting bees and butterflies. Prefers well-drained soil in a full sun position, and can grow in nutritionally poor soil.
Flowers, leaves, oil, root and seedpods are noted as edible. Many medicinal applications, particularly seed oil.

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Roots can be cooked and are sweet and succulent. Young shoots can be eaten raw or cooked. The flowers are sweet and used in salads or as a garnish. Seed pods are also eaten and rich in gamma-linolenic acid.
Bark and the leaves are astringent and sedative, flower syrup has been used for whooping cough. The oil extracted from the seeds are a well-known food supplement taken for the treatment of a variety of ailments including multiple sclerosis, pre-menstrual tension, hyperactivity, eczema, acne, brittle nails, rheumatoid arthritis and alcohol-related liver damage.
Root is used as a poultice for bruises and for a tea to treat bowel pains.

It is also used as a cosmetic herb, a dye herb, and for the production of oil.

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