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Bergamot – Wild


A PERENNIAL growing to 1.5m noted for attracting wildlife like bees and butterflies. Large clumps has erect branches with lance-shaped toothed leaves and solitary compact flower clusters of pink to lavender flowers. It is often used as a honey plant, medicinal plant, and garden ornamental. Grow in any well-drained soil, but can grow in heavy clay soil. It prefers a full sun position. Flowers are edible and aromatic leaves are used raw or cooked. A common North American tribal medicine, it is still used somewhat in modern herbalism.

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Wild bergamot is used as an aromatic flavouring for salads and cooked food, and the leaves brewed into a tea. Carminative, it was often used to treat digestive complaints. It is also diaphoretic, diuretic and stimulant. Good for fevers, colds and sore throats. Externally applied as a poultice to help soothe skin erruptions. The leaves have been used as an insect repellent.

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Other Names

Latin Name

(Monarda fistiolosa)