The cherry tomatoes are dripping fruit… and it’s a race to get to them before the birds do! But what to do with all of them once they are picked? I’ve done dehydrator “sundried” cherry tomatoes, and of course, we snack on them constantly, but […]
The story of the shapes and sizes of tomatoes There’s beefsteak tomatoes, and then there’s a tomato cultivar called Beefsteak, which is, unsurprisingly a beefsteak type. So when a customer asks me for a beefsteak tomato, and I say “Sure, which one?”, I fully understand […]
Indeterminate vs Determinate
Tomatoes come in two growth habit types – determinate, or bush varieties, and indeterminate or vining varieties.
DICTIONARY: Growth habit of a plant in horticulture refers to the shape, height, form, and general appearance of a plant species. Basically answering the question of “What does it physically grow like?”
At the most basic, tomato plants that terminate (stop growing) at a specific height, are called DETERMINATE (their height is predetermined), and plants that keep growing throughout the season (and can get really, really tall!) are called INDETERMINATE (their height cannot be predetermined).
Normally most vine and heirloom tomatoes are indeterminate- they need staking, or tomato cages to support them, and are pruned for ease of growing, and productivity.
These plants produce flower buds on side stems along the main vine, and continue to produce crops of tomatoes throughout the growing season as the main vine keeps grow taller. Fruit and flowers in various stages can be seen on the same plant at the same time.
Some indeterminate heirlooms that I grow include Riesentraube, Green Grape, White Cherry, Aunt Ginny’s Purple, Black Krim, Jaune Flamme, and Hawaiian Pineapple.
Please note although most heritage tomatoes are indeterminate there are some determinate heirloom varieties available.
Determinate varieties, tomatoes that grow to a certain height only, often have a lovely rounded bush shape, and include dwarf tomatoes. They don’t often need staking, but use your discretion to provide some support if needed. Bush tomatoes do really well in pots, and are favoured by container growers.
Determinate varieties produce flower buds on the tips of growing stems, and can be splendidly productive, but it must be noted that all the tomatoes are produced and ripen more or less at the same time as one crop on a plant. Once it’s flush of fruiting is finished, it won’t set flowers again (or at least very rarely does) and start to die.
Examples of determinate tomatoes that I’ve grown include Henry’s Dwarf Bush tomato, Scoresby Dwarf, Tiny Tim, Tumbling Tom, Patio, and Dwarf Maja.
Read more about Tomato Terminology #3 – To Be(efsteak) or not to Be(efsteak)
Welcome to the first in a series of All Things Tomato Have you browsed your seed catalogs and seen little tags next to plant names saying “F1 Hybrid” or “Open Pollinated”? Have you been told by farmer’s market salesmen about their tomatoes only being “heirlooms”? […]
If you’ve been interested in healing herbs, or alternative medicine, you probably have heard that Echinacea is good for supporting your immune system, and perhaps you even know that a sage or thyme gargle can combat sore throats, and soothing peppermint can relieve congestion.
Whether science has confirmed their efficacy, or whether the jury is still out on some plant medicines, I always turn to my herb garden or spice cupboard first when there’s a niggle in the household. I’ve even made a monthly routine of some remedies as a preventative. So far the herbs have stood up well to the test, even if it is just because I believe in them – a placebo effect, is still an effect!
However, I know that it is not just my personal fancy for these plant powerhouses that keep winter colds and flu at bay, but in combination with good living practices such as exercise, time spent in nature, meditation and healthy eating and sleeping habits, they do seem to combat nasties, help my body fight infections, or at the very least relieve symptoms and shorten the duration of being under the weather. And all without any other ill side effects.
Here follows my own top 3 tried and trusted remedies for winter colds and flu ailments.
Tomato Tea for Sore Throat and Congestion
This is a recipe I got of the internet a long time ago, and there’s many websites touting its fame. I tried it out of desperation after suffering from sinus congestion brought on by a flu a few years ago, and now have a dose at least once a month just because it is so good! The beauty of this is that it is simple to make, with ingredients you may even already have in your cupboard, or can very easily pick up even from the dairy, and it actually tastes pleasant too (if you like garlic and chillies!)
For a 4-cup dose (enough for 2 cups for 2 adults):
- 1l tomato Juice (100% pure juice, please! Juice your own if you can, or try McCoy’, or V8) *
- 4-6 cloves of garlic (more even, take as much as you can tolerate)
- 2 lemons, juice of (please use fresh lemons, not bottled lemon juice)
- ½ tsp cayenne pepper, ground (if you can take the heat, take even more, but add a little at a time because Cayenne is HOT) **
Combine all ingredients in a saucepan and bring to a boil, simmer for a few minutes, taking care that it doesn’t burn or boil over. Take off the heat and leave to cool down, but drink as hot as you possibly can. Drink one cup, and the other about 4-6 hours later. Repeat, if needed, for a few days.
Why does this work?
Tomato juice is nourishing – 125ml of tomato juice has around 30% of your daily vitamin C needs, 10% of your vitamin A, and a good dose of minerals, fibers and antioxidants such as lycopene too.
Garlic is an antiviral and antibacterial powerhouse, effectively fighting a broad spectrum of nasty microbes.
Lemon Juice is often included in remedies for its cleansing and healing actions. Not only is it rich in vitamins and minerals, but it has a mucous dissolving action as well.
Cayenne is my favourite of favourite healing spices, and if nothing else, I urge everyone to try some extra Cayenne (or other hot chillies) in their meals. In this case, as the other ingredients, it is chock-full of good vitamins, minerals and has antiviral and antibacterial action. It is also mucokinetic, moving mucous from your body, expelling all the baddies and clearing your congestion. Added to that impressive line-up the fact that is pain-relieving too, and you understand why I love it so much.
Drinking it hot is important, and breathing in deeply the steam from your cup (as much as you can with a blocked nose, that is), and bathing the back of your throat in the liquid. All of this helps this drink deliver its most fighting punch.
* I once tried Keri Tomato Juice, but it was really not a great one to use…
** You can use tobasco sauce or another hot sauce if you don’t have cayenne
Yarrow, Elderflower and Peppermint Tea for Fever
I strongly believe in the case for fevers, and don’t try to bring fevers down as soon as they manifest, but monitoring fevers, and having this tea on hand to gently induce perspiration to slowly lower a spiking fever, has been very handy in the past.
For 2 cups:
- 1 tsp dried yarrow
- 1 tsp dried peppermint
- 1 tsp dried elderflowers
Steep the herbs in 2 cups of just boiled water for at least 5 minutes. Add honey or lemon juice to taste, and take a cupful every 2-3 hours.
Why does this work?
Yarrow as a diaphoretic opens pores and induces perspiration while its astringent properties helps dry up and move excess mucous.
Peppermint not only tastes nice, but it is uplifting too. It is decongestant and a diaphoretic in its own right.
Elderflowers are also diaphoretic, and are relaxing. They may reduce the duration of an illness while helping to reduce nasal congestion and soothe swollen sinuses.
Eucalyptus Rub for Tight Chests
Vick’s Vaporub is a popular remedy for relieving tight chests, suppressing coughs, relieving aches, and opening sinuses – all which can help the person suffering from the cold or flu to get the rest they need to recover. The formula is over 200 years old, and is mostly made up of essential oils, which is great, but it does contain petroleum, which is not so great. As conscious consumers we know petroleum is not a good idea for the environment, or our bodies.
To make your own adult*** vaporub for topical application (chest, back, and even under the feet):
- ½ cup oil (olive, coconut, or almond)
- 30g (about 2Tbsp) of beeswax
- 20 drops Eucalyptus oil
- 20 drops Peppermint oil
- 10 drops Rosemary oil
Place oil and beeswax in a double boiler and heat until it is just melted. Add all the essential oils and stir well. Pour into a sealable container and store in a cool, dry place.
Why does this work?
Eucalyptus oil is antiseptic, antiviral, decongestant and expectorant.
Peppermint oil (menthol) is a cooling and refreshing cough suppressant. It is a good topical analgesic (soothes pain) and is anti-inflammatory.
Rosemary oil is antiseptic and helps open nasal passageways.
*** Some oils are not safe for babies or young children, and you should check with your aromatherapist or medical herbalist as to which oils to use and in which quantities if you want to make a vaporub for children under 10 years old.
A few extra bits and bobs
Some other remedies I’m fond of taking, or suggesting to anyone who mentions they have a cold or flu:
- Honey, Ginger and Lemon Tea is soothing, nutritive, and healing
- Turmeric Tea (also known as Golden Milk) is immune boosting, stress relieving and anti-inflammatory
- Sage and sea salt throat gargle is effective in killing germs
- Mullein flower oil helps soothe ear infections
- Rosehip syrup is high in vitamin C
- Horehound throat lollies soothes and heals mucous membranes
- Apple cider vinegar is alkalizing, creating a healthy blood pH balance that is inhospitable for bacteria and viruses
The Fragrant Pharmacy, Valerie Ann Worwood
The Complete Book of Herbs, Lesley Bremness
A Modern Herbal, Mrs. M. Grieve
Ouma’s Home Remedies, Reader’s Digest
Heirloom and Open Pollinated Tomato Selection
|Photograph||Description||Fruit Size||Fruit Colour||Fruit Type||Maturity||Uses|
|Amish Orange Sherbet is a good producer of orange-red beefsteak type tomatoes that are large and meaty with a mild, sweet flavour that is pretty low in acidity as well.|
|Large||Bicolor - |
|Amish Paste is a plum tomato that is often used for cooking and canning.|
|Medium||Red||Plum||Mid (69-80)||Cooking (Paste)
|Berkeley Tie Dye Pink was developed by Wild Boar Farms, this tomato is a compact plant that produces beautiful round medium fruit with a very sweet, rich, dark tomato flavor.|
|Medium||Bicolor (striped) Green Red||Round||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Salad) Canning|
|Black Cherry is produced on vigorous vines. Masses of chocolate brown round cherry tomatoes with a deep and sweet taste. Visually a great addition to cherry tomato mixes. |
|Small||Brown||Cherry||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Salad) Fresh (Cocktail)|
|Black Krim is an heirloom from Russia with very juicy dark red-purple fruit and rich sweet flavour. A firm favourite in taste tests, and unique looking fruit.|
|Medium-Large||Bicolor - Dark Brown Dark Red||Beefsteak||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Slicing) Fresh (Salad)|
|Black Pineapple, or Ananas Noire is an unusual variety and was developed in Belgium. The multi-colored, smooth fruit (green, yellow and purple mix) weigh about 1 1/2 lbs. The flesh is bright green with deep red streaks. Everyone loves their outstanding flavor that is both sweet and smoky with a hint of citrus. Very high yielding.|
|Large||Bicolor - Green Red||Beefsteak||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Slicing) Fresh (Salad)|
|Bloody Butcher is rich red inside and out and is a great all-round use tomato with good flavour.|
|Medium||Red||Round||Early (50-60)||Fresh (Slicing)
|Brandywine Pink is a popular heirloom tomato of Amish origin. The beefsteak rosy pink fruits are loaded with an old-fashioned tomato taste. With potato leaf foliage, the vines are vigorous producers.|
|Medium-Large||Pink||Beefsteak||Late (80-100)||Fresh (Slicing)|
|Carmelita has its parentage in sought after French heirlooms and with its striking red-pink perfectly round fruit, is sure to be a great hybrid choice. |
|Casady's Folly Tomato are really striking fruit! With their elongated plum shape and psychedelic orange red wave stripes they look beautiful in salads. With a good shelf life, and thick skin, they do well as a cooking tomato too. Verdicts on taste are split…|
|Small||Bicolor (striped) Red Yellow||Sausage||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Salad) Canning Paste Cooking|
|Costoluto Genovese is an old Italian favourite. The fruit are attractive with their somewhat flattened structure and deep ribs. Rich red flesh are good for fresh eating and preserving.|
|Large||Red||Deeply ribbed flattened globe||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Sliced)
|Cuor di Bue is a magnificent large oxheart with creamy flesh of superb flavour.||Large||Red||Oxheart||Late (80-100)||Fresh (Sliced)
|Currant Heirloom Tomatoes are some of the smallest tomatoes available. Like cherry tomatoes but smaller, the plants are very productive, and the tomatoes are sweet and tangy, and perfect for fresh eating or preserving. |
|Very small||Red||Currant||Early (50-60)||Fresh (Salad)
|Dr Walter is a superior beefsteak type, producing low acid fruit. Grows vigorously and requires staking.|
|Gold Nugget is early producing having gold tomatoes that are rich and sweet in flavor.|
|Small||Yellow||Cherry||Early (50-60)||Fresh (Salad)
|Green Giant is a super productive and great tasting tomato. Large emerald-green fruit are uniform, very smooth and blemish-free. Color stays pure green even when dead ripe! Plants are potato-leafed, are very robust and require staking. Outstanding, complex flavor—very sweet and juicy.|
|Large||Green||Beefsteak||Late (80-100)||Fresh (Slicing) Fresh (Salad)|
|Green Grape are lime-green on the inside but yellowish on the skin. The tomatoes are the size of a large grape, and are rich, sweet and zingy. Voted the best in our household for taste.|
|Small-Medium||Green||Plum||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Salad) Fresh (Cocktail)|
|Green Vernissage is a little striped jewel of a tomato and is loaded with sublime sweetness & taste. A perfect addition to salads, salsas and even desserts! The small fruit have lovely light green flesh. |
|Small||Green||Round||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Salad)
|Hawaiian Pineapple is a tomato with yellow-and-red mottled flesh and excellent flavour: sweet, fruity and somewhat pineapple-like in taste. Productive and beautiful. |
|Large||Bicolor - Yellow Red||Beefsteak with deep pleats||Late (80-100)|
|Moneymaker is an old English heirloom. Great as a greenhouse variety that produces globular fruit that are intensely red, smooth and of very high quality. This variety grows well in hot humid climates and greenhouses. Very flavourful. |
|Medium||Red||Round||Late (80-100)||Fresh (Slicing)
|Indigo Rose Tomato has striking dark purple-almost black colour that make them a talking point. High in anthocyanins and thus with great nutritiional value, the plants produce a good crop of good tasting fruit.|
|Jaffa is a plum shaped tomato on a bushy, indeterminate, regular-leaf, tomato plant. Huge yields with gold tomatoes with an impressively sweet fruity flavors. |
Meaty and juicy these tomatoes are perfect as a canning tomato and sauce tomato. A fine choice for a market tomato. Also a good container tomato garden.
|Small-Medium||Orange||Plum||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Salad /Cocktail) Canning|
|Jaune Flamme has been a dependable producer of delicious tasting orange fruit. Winner of taste tests and with some disease resistance, it is becoming a firm favourite orange tomato.|
|Medium||Orange||Globe||Early (50-60)||Fresh (Salad)
|Kiwi tomato has a distinctly, unique flavor that is sharp, spicy with fruit-like overtones that reminds us of kiwi and citrus. One of the more acid green types, but these are also fairly sweet. The medium sized flattened globes are bright lime to olive color and are produced in abundance.|
|Large||Green||Flattened globe||Late (80-100)||Fresh (Slicing) Fresh (Salad)|
|Marmande is a popular tomato with chefs. The medium red fruit are slighty ribbed and have a full rich flavour. Produces even in cool weather. Very productive. |
|Medium||Red||Flattened globe, deep ribs||Mid (69-80)|
|Moonglow is a perfect-looking golden-orange tomato: smooth, medium- sized and globe-shaped. Excellently flavoured, rich and fruity. |
|Mortgage Lifter has |
become very popular in recent years. The productive plant produces fruit that are delicious, rich, and sweet in taste.
|Mr Stripey makes huge beefsteak-type fruits that are high in sugar and delicious to eat fresh, and because of the bi-coloring with a yellow to light orange background and radiating red "stripes", they are really pretty too!|
|Medium-Large||Bicolor - Orange Red||Beefsteak||Late (80-100)||Fresh (Slicing) Canning|
|Orange Beefsteak produces enormous fruit in bright orange that have a superbly sweet, mild and fruity flavour.|
|Medium-Large||Orange||Beefsteak||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Slicing)|
|Orange Cherry is a small, orange cherry tomato that has a good yield. Saved from a supermarket punnet, so no parentage available.||Small||Orange||Cherry||Mid (69-80)||Fresh
|Orange Russian is described as large, tasty and abundant, this heirloom tomato has ox-heart shaped and bi-coloured fruit that has proven to be a favourite with tomato connoseurs. Meaty with a sweet-sour balance and fruity tones.|
|Medium||Bicolor - Yellow Red||Oxheart||Late (80-100)||Fresh (Salad) Fresh (Slicing)|
|Pleasantly tart and slightly acidic, these bright yellow fruits bear a full purple cap of heavy indigo anthocyanin pigmentation. Fireball is great for fresh eating and cooking, with significantly more vitamin E than similar-sized red hybrids.|
|Small||Bicolor - Yellow Purple||Cherry||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (salad) Fresh (Coctail) Cooking|
|Purple Cherokee is an heirloom tomato variety that consistently ranks very high in taste tests. Slice Cherokee Purple tomato for rich, dark color and unmatched sweet, rich taste on sandwiches or in salads. The tomato is a beautiful dusky pink with a deep, rich-red interior.|
|Large||Black Purple||Beefsteak||Late (80-100)||Fresh (Slice) Fresh (Salad)|
|Purple Russian tomatoes beautiful purple fruit with delicious flavour and few blemishes. Productive producers.|
|Red Cherry produces and abundance of acidy-sweet small, red cherry tomatoes.|
Saved seed from a supermarket punnet, so no parentage available.
|Reisentraube translates to "giant bunch of grapes" referring to how the tomatoes grow like bunches of grapes.|
It is a very popular small tomato with a rich full tomato flavour.
|San Marzano is a popular and reliable producer of rich tasting tomatoes that are great for fresh eating, and paste, canning or puree Meaty with no juicy pulp. |
|Scoresby Dwarf produces round, slightly flattened red fruit with excellent flavour on a bush type plant. Great for cooking or fresh eating. |
|Small Fry is a dependable hybrid tomato producing large yields of sweet cherry tomatoes. |
|Small||Red||Cherry||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Salad / Cocktail)|
|Snowball, or White Beauty are medium sized ivory to yellow coloured tomatoes. Known for their sweet, citrus taste that is richer and more complex than many white types. |
|Medium||White Ivory||Flattened globe||Mid (69-80)||Fresh
|Striped is an heirloom gifted to me simply as "striped" - it looks like it may be a Tigerella or a Red Zebra.||Medium||Bicolor - |
|Small round||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Salad)
|Thai Pink Egg, as the name suggest bears small egg-shaped and sized fruit that are pink in colour. Bursting with natural goodness, sweet and rich in flavour.|
|The Green Sausage are defined by green fruit and yellow stripes, revealing kiwi-like green flesh when sliced. Bushy plants produce 6 to 8 fruits per truss, and require only moderate staking for high yields. Very ornamental, but also flavorful enough to hold its own with the best of the paste tomatoes.|
|Medium||Green||Sausage||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Slicing) Fresh (Salad)|
|Tiny Tim Hybrid Tomato||Tiny Tim Hybrid Tomato is a surprisingly tiny plant, perfect for pots and hanging baskets. The fruit is juicy and has very good sweet/tart tomato flavours.|
|Tommy Toe has been a vigorous vine and strong producer of medium to large sized cherry shaped tomatoes with a great fresh taste. Not bothered by heat and humidity.|
|Tumblar is an open pollinated hybrid perfectly suited to growing in pots or, with their cascading habit, hanging baskets. |
Fruit are delicious sweet little cherry type tomatoes.
|Voyage or Reisetomate (translates to traveller's tomato) is a strange-looking tomato with what seems like many fused little cherry tomatoes. |
It's truly a novelty variety.
|Medium-Large||Red||Multi-fused fruit||Mid (69-80)||Fresh|
|White Cherry is a prolific producer of creamy-yellow cherry tomatoes|
that are juicy and delicious.
|Small||Yellow Ivory White||Cherry||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Salad /Cocktail)|
|Yellow Pear is a definite favourite with children. The colour, shape and taste make them a great addition to any salad or cocktail plate. Heavy yielding. |
|Small||Yellow||Pear||Mid (69-80)||Fresh (Salad)